Maupassant, Guy de

(1850-1893)
   writer
   Considered one of the masters of the art of the short story, Guy de Maupassant was born in Château de Miromesnil, Seine-Maritime. After a happy and carefree youth, interrupted by the franco-prussian war, he took a job as a functionary in Paris (some of the bureaucrats with whom he worked can be found in "La Parure," ["The Necklace"] and "L'Heritage" ["The Inheritance"]). Along with leading a fun-loving and sporting life, he did his literary "apprenticeship" with gustave flaubert, a friend of the family who introduced him to the realist genre and to such writers as joris-karl huysmans, Alphonse daudet, and émile Zola. "Boule-de-Suif" ("Ball of Fat"; 1880), one of the stories in the collection Les Soirées de Médan, decided Maupassant's vocation and assured his success. Devoted to his work, he wrote 300 short stories in 10 years. Evoking in turn Normandy, the franco-prussian war, and Parisian cynicism, these stories range from the classic to the comic, from realism to the fantastic. Full of sensual vitality (Bel ami, 1885), Maupassant visited Great Britain, Italy, and North Africa (Au soleil, 1884; Sur l'eau, 1888) on his yacht, but he was progressively suffering from nervous disorders and haunted by death, as is apparent in his works Une Vie (1883), Pierre et Jean (1888), Fort comme la Mort (1889). Suffering from hallucinations, he was eventually hospitalized and, after 18 months, died in a clinic. Whether he speaks in the colorful Norman patois of his peasants or describes with lucid precision his sense of anguish, Maupassant is the master of the short story.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maupassant, Guy de — ▪ French writer Introduction in full  Henry René Albert Guy de Maupassant   born August 5, 1850, Château de Miromesnil?, near Dieppe, France died July 6, 1893, Paris  French naturalist writer of short stories and novels who is by general… …   Universalium

  • Maupassant, Guy de — ► (1850 93)Novelista francés. Es un implacable retratista de la vida. En sus obras, escritas en un estilo objetivo, sencillo y vigoroso, late una ironía áspera y desdeñosa. Destacó en los cuentos y novelas cortas: Bola de sebo, incluido en el… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • MAUPASSANT, GUY DE —    a clever French romancer, born at Fécamp; served in the Franco German War, and afterwards gave himself to letters, producing novels, stories, lyrics, and plays; died insane (1850 1893) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • De Maupassant, Guy —    (1850 1893)    A French writer considered one of the fathers of the short story who described various types of hallucination in his literary works. It is known that de Maupassant used hallucinogens throughout his adult life, that he suffered… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Maupassant — Maupassant, Guy de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guy De Maupassant — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guy de Maupassant (homonymie). Guy de Maupass …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guy Maupassant — Guy de Maupassant Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guy de Maupassant (homonymie). Guy de Maupass …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guy de Valmont — Guy de Maupassant Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guy de Maupassant (homonymie). Guy de Maupass …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maupassant — Guy de Maupassant Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guy de Maupassant (homonymie). Guy de Maupass …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guy de Maupassant — Born 5 August 1850(1850 08 05) Died 6 July 1893(1893 07 06) (aged 42) Resting place …   Wikipedia

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